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Vectors


Ticks

Posted on December 1st, by alovell in Vectors. No Comments

Ticks are a vector that can carry disease in the state of Alabama. This page is currently being worked on! Please check back soon.



Bats

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

Direct contact with a bat may result in potential rabies exposure, so all bats that come in direct contact with humans should be tested for rabies.  Many species of bats are protected by state and federal laws. It is important to follow all laws to protect these beneficial animals.

For mor information about bats, visit the web sites below.

Biology

Bat Conservation International

Management

School IPM Action Plan for Bats

Bats – eXtension

Bats – Internet Center for Wildlife Damage Management

 

 

 

 

 

 



Flies

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

Flies are a vector that can carry disease in the state of Alabama. This page is currently being worked on! Please check back soon.



Rodents

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

The rats and mice considered pests are often referred to as commensal rodents. The word commensal means “sharing one’s table.” This is appropriate as these rodents have shared man’s table for centuries.  The term “rodent” means “to gnaw.” Like all rodents, rats and mice have a single pair of chisel-like incisor or front teeth that grow throughout their lifetime. Their teeth are kept sharp and are sized due to their guarding against one another and by the pests’ continuous gnawing on a variety of objects.

The three most important commensal rodents are

House Mouse
Norway Rat
Roof Rat

RODENTS AND DISEASE

Rodents have been a major cause of death and disease for many years. Today, the threat is not as significant as it once was because of sanitation and rodent control programs. However, the threat is still evident, and the potential of disease must always be … Read More »



Fleas

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

Fleas are vectors that can carry disease in the state of Alabama. This page is currently being worked on! Please check back soon.



Cockroaches

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

There are at least 25 species of cockroaches in Alabama, but only five are serious pests. Cockroaches are also known as palmetto bugs, water bugs, and croton bugs. They vary somewhat in appearance and habits, but in general they are all rather large, flattened insects, brownish or dark in color and fast moving. Roaches seek concealment in the daytime and also when disturbed at night.  Most cockroaches are found outdoors. Outdoors, cockroaches are an important source of food for many forms of wildlife. They are also important in nutrient recycling. However, when indoors, cockroaches are a public health nuisance.  They can serve as mechanical vectors for bacteria, protozoa, and viruses that can cause different forms of gastroenteritis in humans (food poisoning, dysentery, diarrhea, etc.).

Cockroaches can feed upon a great variety of materials such as cheese, beer, leather, bakery products, starch … Read More »



Mosquitoes

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

Mosquitoes are insects belonging to the order Diptera, the True Flies. Like all True Flies, they have two wings, but unlike other flies, mosquito wings have scales. “Mosquito” is a Spanish or Portuguese word meaning “little fly”.

There are over 3,000 different species of mosquitoes throughout the world; currently 176 species are recognized in the United States. There are over 50 species of mosquitoes known to occur in Alabama.  Click here to see a current list of those species.

Only female mosquitoes have the mouth parts necessary for sucking blood. While biting using their long, piercing-sucking proboscis, they inject an enzyme that inhibits blood clotting. They use the blood not for their own nourishment but as a source of protein for their eggs. Mosquitoes use exhaled carbon dioxide, body odors and temperature, and movement to find a host.  Once a host is … Read More »



Carnivores

Posted on August 2nd, by admin in Vectors. No Comments

Carnivores are a vector that can carry disease in the state of Alabama. This page is currently being worked on! Please check back soon.